PROJECT SELF Lesson Plans


PROJECT SELF
1. DEVELOP A POSITIVE ATTITUDE EACH DAY
2. BECOME ASSERTIVE
3. CREATE YOUR OWN LESSON
Social Tasks

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Develop A Positive Attitude Each Day

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner claims that he/she begins each day feeling depressed and irritated, lacking energy, and expecting the worst to happen.

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Learner has difficulty showing love and caring, maintaining emotional health, and doing his/her best on the job.

Who does this problem affect?

Family members, co-workers, and friends/acquaintances.

How are people affected by the problem?

Family members may not receive nurturing and affirmation;
Co-workers may experience problems getting along with learner;
Friends/acquaintances may avoid interacting with learner.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

To begin each day with a positive attitude.

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Options may include intensive therapy, becoming a social recluse, or attempting to change one's attitude through self improvement.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Learner should use positive self talk to improve attitude.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1. Notebook and pen or pencil;
2. 3/5 index cards; and
3. Cassette player. These resources will be used to record positive self talk statements.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Review differences between positive and negative self esteem;
2. Learn and practice positive self talk guidelines;
3. Develop a plan of action for each day in advance; and
4. Evaluate effectiveness of performance.

What is the time line for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner follows self talk guidelines;
2. Daily plan of action is developed;
3. Fewer incidents of depression and irritation are reported; and
4. Positive feedback from others.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why, or why not.

Learner responses will vary. Does learner believe that he/she is making progress? Is learner more energetic and productive at home and work?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Learner responses will vary. Does learner understand the role of positive attitude in helping one cope with the challenges of daily living? Does learner feel better about him/herself?

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF Certificate.

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Become Assertive

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner feels that people take advantage of him/her. Standing up for what he/she believes may be a problem. Learner may also become aggressive and abusive.
Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?
Learner may feel that he/she is not taken seriously or treated with respect. Personal effectiveness is compromised.

Who does this problem affect?

Family members, co-workers, and social peers.

How are people affected by the problem?

Children may manipulate "wishy-washy" parent. Family members, co-workers, and social peers may be subjected to verbal outbursts and attacks. Learner may suffer exploitation or abuse.
Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?
To develop assertiveness skills; To learn to say what I mean and mean what I say without feeling guilty.
Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?
Learner responses will vary. Options may include becoming more passive, being more confrontational, or learning to state needs and feelings without attacking others.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Learner should develop assertiveness skills.
Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?
1. Notebook and pen or pencil;
2. Cassette player; and
3.Assertiveness model (Rely on "I" statements; Describe observed behavior; Use simple, concrete terms; Express yourself briefly and honestly; Ask for cooperation; and propose "win-win" outcome).

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Learn and practice assertiveness model;
2. Study role playing guidelines;
3. Develop role playing exercises based on assertiveness model;
4. Practice assertiveness model using role playing; and
5. Evaluate performance.

What is the time line for my plan?

(Timeliness will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner uses "I" rather than "You" statements;
2. Needs and feelings are stated without becoming aggressive or defensive; and
3. Learner feels more confident and successful.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not,

Learner responses will vary. Tutor and learner should evaluate success in learning and using the assertiveness model. Does learner state needs and feelings without guilt?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Learner responses will vary. Lack of assertiveness places learner at a disadvantage when interacting with others. Being assertive enhances communication and personal effectiveness.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem? Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.


PROJECT SELF
1. PRESENT POSITIVE IMAGE FOR JOB INTERVIEWS
2. WORK AS A TEAM MEMBER TO SOLVE PROBLEMS
3. CREATE YOUR OWN LESSON
Employment Tasks

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Present Positive Image For Job Interview

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner is seeking employment. He/she must present a positive self image for the job interview.
Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?
Learner may not know how to present a positive self image. A negative self image will weaken chances of getting a job.

Who does this problem affect?

Learner and prospective employer.

How are people affected by the problem?

A Poor self image may adversely affect learner's job prospects. The employer may decide to hire another applicant who presents a better self image.
Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?
To improve learner's self image and enhance employability.
Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?
Learner responses will vary. Options may include maintaining present self image, seeking employment that relies little on self image, or getting help to upgrade self image.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Learner should improve self image to increase employability.
Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?
1. Job application;
2. Personal hygiene products and clean, suitable clothing;
3. Self image checklist;
4. Resume;
5. Transportation; and
6. Telephone.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Discuss importance of self image when seeking a job;
2. Develop a checklist to rate self image;
3. Review how to prepare for a job interview;
4. Role play with tutor to simulate job interview and practice positive self image; and
5. Prepare resume, contact employer for interview, and arrange transportation.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner can explain difference between positive and negative self image;
2. Learner follows items on self image checklist; and
3. Learner obtains a job.
Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.
Learner responses will vary. Did the learner correct areas of low self image identified by the checklist? Is the learner actively engaged in role playing and preparing for the interview?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Learner responses will vary. Does learner understand the role of self image in getting a job? A positive self image enables learner to feel more confident, comfortable and successful.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Work As A Team Member To Solve Problems

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner's job requires that he/she work as part of a team to complete a task or solve problems. Learner has limited exposure to team work and problem solving.

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Learner's ability to work with others and solve problems affects productivity, job satisfaction, and relations with co-workers.

Who does this problem affect?

Learner, co-workers, and company management.

How are people affected by the problem?

Learner has difficulty working as a team member. Co-workers may find team is less cohesive and productive. Management is concerned with creating an effective work team and raising output.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME What is my goal concerning this problem?

To learn how to work as a member of a team and solve problems effectively.

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. options include operating independently at work, engaging a professional trainer to improve team work, or discussing team work with co-workers.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Improve learner's team work and problem solving skills.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1 . Blank problem solving lesson plan;
2. Notebook and pen or pencil;
3 Cassette player; and
4. Company procedures manual.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Review company procedures manual for team work and problem solving guidelines;
2. Follow visualization steps to identify ideal conditions for team work and problem solving;
3. Role play working as a team member;
4. Ask management to discuss improving team work; and
5. Use blank lesson plan at work.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between tutor and learner.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner feels that he/she is a more effective team member;
2. Management and co-workers report greater satisfaction with team's performance; and
3. Work team uses blank lesson plan.
Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.
Learner responses will vary. Does learner believe that be/ she is a more effective team member? Are problems solved more efficiently and effectively?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Learner responses will vary. Does learner recognize the role of team work in promoting job satisfaction, sense of acceptance, and positive self esteem?'

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.


PROJECT SELF
1. IMPROVE YOUR READING SKILLS
2. SET EDUCATIONAL GOALS
3. CREATE YOUR OWN LESSON
LEARNING TASKS

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Improve Your Reading Skills

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner confides that he/she has difficulty understanding written material. Learner becomes frustrated due to poor reading skills and avoids tasks that require reading.

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Without adequate reading skills, the learner cannot fully participate in modern society.

Who does this problem affect?

Learner, family children, and co-workers.

How are a people affected by the problem?

Learner may feel that he/she is a failure. Children cannot receive help with homework. Expensive mistakes may occur at work due to learner's poor reading skills.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

To develop better reading skills.

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Options include avoiding tasks that entail reading, asking others to read to learner, or seeking help to improve reading skills.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Seek help to improve reading skills.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1. Notebook and pen or pencil;
2. Reading material at appropriate level;
3. Telephone directory; and
4. Cassette player.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Use telephone directory to contact local literacy program or school for help with reading skills;
2. Visit local literacy program with tutor or friend;
3. Arrange for a tutor to instruct the learner;
4. Record books on tape to practice reading at home;
5. Read with child or spouse; and 6. Visit local library.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner gets help to improve reading skills;
2. Learner reads with children and spouse;
3. Learner obtains library card and checks out books; and
4. Learner practices reading at home.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.

Learner responses will vary. Does learner believe that he/ she is overcoming reading deficiency? Does family read together? Does learner undertake tasks that involve reading?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Learner responses will vary. Inadequate reading skills is a serious hindrance to performing most daily living tasks, Self esteem rises when we feel confident about our skills.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Set Goals For Learning

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner is concerned about securing further education and/or training to ensure a better future for him/herself and family. Learner is struggling to set learning goals!

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Learner has limited experience in setting goals and strategic thinking.

Who does this problem affect?

Learner and family.

How are people affected by the problem?

Learner's decisions concerning his/her skill development and level of education will affect his/her future. Learner's goals will also impact family's quality of life and stability.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

To set realistic, attainable learning goals,

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Options include taking life as it comes, letting others plan learner's goals, or learning how to establish personal goals.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Learner should develop goal setting skills.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1. Notebook and pen or pencil; 2. Cassette player;  3. Information about local education and training programs; and
4. Local library.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Learn how to establish goals with varied time frames;
2. Make a list of personal skills and qualities and identify areas of desired improvement;
3. Use visualization technique to determine learning goals;
4. Prepare a chart of learning goals and objectives; and
5. Visit library to find out about local programs.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between tutor and learner.)
How will I know if my plan is successful?
1. Learner establishes 3 learning goals and objectives;
2. Learner sets goals with varied time frames; and
3. Learner contacts local education/training programs for information.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.

Learner responses will vary. Has learner identified skills for improvement? Did learner obtain and act on information from local programs? Has learner discussed goals with family?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Lack of clear, realistic goals breeds confusion and powerlessness. Well-defined goals provide purpose to life and raise self confidence. Learning goals are prerequisites to skill development and self esteem.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.


PROJECT SELF
1. RESOLVE FAMILY CONFLICT
2. BUILD A SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR YOUR FAMILY
3. CREATE YOUR OWN LESSON
Family tasks

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Resolve Family Conflict

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner complains that family members are constantly at odds with each o other. Children exhibit disruptive behavior. Family discussions are overpowered by emotional outbursts,

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Lack of success in resolving conflict threatens family stability and the well-being of family members. who does this problem affect? Learner and family members.

How are people affected by the problem?

Learner's effectiveness as a parent is jeopardized by continued conflict with children. The poor conflict resolution skills of other family members cause disagreements to get out of hand.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

To develop conflict management skills that will enable family members to regulate conflict more effectively.

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Options include ignoring incidents of conflict, using force to control behavior, or acquiring skills to manage conflict.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Learner should improve conflict resolution skills.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1. Notebook and pen or pencil;
2. Cassette player; and
3. Conflict resolution model (a. Declare truce in the conflict; b. Explain problem behavior; c. Listen actively to other party's viewpoint; d. Collectively seek solutions; and a. Promote "win-win").

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Learn conflict resolution model;
2. Use role playing to practice conflict resolution skills;
3. Hold family meeting to lay ground rules for managing conflict;
4. Monitor success of model in reducing tension.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)
How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Family members learn and use conflict resolution model;
2. Problems are handled at their lowest level; 3. Family members report fewer incidents of conflict; 4. Model is used outside home.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.

Learner responses will vary. Are problems and issues discussed calmly and rationally. Does conflict resolution model promote greater cooperation and flexibility?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Learner responses will vary, Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Failure to manage conflict causes feelings of inadequacy and incompetence, which lead to low self esteem. Successfully managing conflict fosters self confidence and a more positive self esteem.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.

LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC Build A Support System For Your Family

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION
What is happening?

Learner is concerned that he/she does not have a support system with family emergencies. Lacking help from others, the learner has difficulty handling everyday problems.

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Routine activities may place great stress on family unit. Emergencies may be mishandled with disastrous consequences.

Who does this problem affect?

Learner. other family members, and social peers.

How are people affected by the problem?

Learner may feel helpless, alone, and frustrated. Other family members may experience rejection, isolation, or failure, Social peers may be uncertain about how to assist learner and his/her family.

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

To build a reliable, effective support system for my family.

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Options include accepting your situation; hiring individuals to act as your support system, or forming a support system from local resources.

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Assemble a support system from local peers and agencies.

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

1. Notebook and pen or pencil;
2. 3/5 cards;
3. Telephone directory; and
4. Local library.

What steps are included in the plan?

1. Use visualization to create the ideal support system;
2. List areas in which family needs support system;
3. Decide how support system can help family;
4. Visit local library or talk with peers to research possible candidates for your support system;
5. Contact candidates; and
6. Keep list of your support system on 3/5 cards.

What is the timeline for my plan?

(Timelines will vary and should be negotiated between learner and tutor.)

How will I know if my plan is successful?

1. Learner develops a support system;
2. Learner plans how to activate support system as needed; and
3. Support system ,meets learner and family expectations.

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.

Learner responses will vary, Does the support system function as envisioned? Do family members feel they enjoy a better quality of life because of support system?

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

Learner responses will vary, Tutor and learner should jointly decide if plan needs revision and determine necessary changes.

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Absence of a support system overloads learner and leads to low self esteem due to inability to meet all family needs. A support system enables learner to feel better about him/herself.

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?

Learner responses will vary. Tutor should award a Project SELF certificate.


CREATING YOUR OWN LESSON PLANS USING THE PROBLEM SOLVING FORMAT

NOTES TO TUTORS:

All Project SELF lessons use an identical problem solving format. To create additional lessons, you should reproduce the blank lesson plan in each life domain.

When designing lessons, it is important to distinguish between the two main components of self esteem: Self concept and Self image. The latter refers to how others view you (or how you think they view you);the former refers to how you view yourself Self concept stresses inner feelings and attitudes. Self image is based on external appearance and behavior. Selected lessons are designed to raise self concept, while other topics emphasize building positive self image. Whether dealing with self concept or self image, the paramount goal of the lesson is the same: Building positive self esteem.

Make certain that you incorporate one or more techniques for raising self esteem into your lesson plans. Step 5 of the problem solving approach (action plan) is the logical place to identify which technique(s) you will use (positive self talk, visualization, or role playing).

Tutor and learner should jointly shape lesson plans. Avoid the temptation to create lessons without input from the learner (the "tutor knows best" syndrome).

Lessons will sometimes require the tutor to create something not already part of Project SELF resources. Don't be intimidated by this prospect. Just rely on your past experience, education, and common sense (not to mention the learner) to create what you need.

Despite the common format, lessons can be individualized to fit the learner's needs. Lessons on identical topics may yield different goals, action plans, Timelines, and ways of celebrating from one learner to another. The object of these lessons is not to take the same path, but to arrive at the same destination.

Last, but not least, encourage progress and applaud effort as learners struggle to raise their self esteem. You will make a difference in the lives you touch.


LESSON PLAN FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
TOPIC

Step 1: DESCRIBE THE SITUATION What is happening?

Step 2: ANALYZE THE SITUATION
Why is this a problem?

Who does this problem affect?

How are people affected by the problem?

Step 3: IDENTIFY THE DESIRED OUTCOME
What is my goal concerning this problem?

Step 4: DETERMINE A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
What are my options to solve this problem?

Which option is best to solve this problem?

Step 5: DEVELOP A PLAN TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
What resources will be needed to implement the plan?

What steps are included in the plan?

What is the timeline for my plan?

How will I know if my plan is successful?

Step 6: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

Step 7: EVALUATE THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN
Is the plan working? Why or why not.

Does the plan need revision? If so, how?

How has this problem and my solution affected my self esteem?

Step 8: DECIDE HOW TO CELEBRATE MY SUCCESS
What will I do to reward myself for dealing with this problem?